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Ashford 6: - Week 5 - Final Project In the Week Three Assignment,-(Answered)


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Ashford 6: - Week 5 - Final Project

In the Week Three Assignment, you engaged in a case analysis of a current business problem using some of the components of an argumentative essay. In this written assignment, you will write a complete argumentative essay as described in Sections 9.1 and 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Foster, Hardy, & Z??iga y Postigo, 2015). This essay will include a revised and polished version of your Week Three Assignment, an objection to your thesis, a rebuttal, and concluding remarks. In order to benefit the most, you should start working on your Final Project from the time you receive your Week Three Assignment back with comments from your professor.

Your assignment should include the following:
A revision of your Week Three Case Analysis Assignment. Your revision should represent a substantial edit of your work that fully incorporates feedback from your professor and goes well beyond correcting any grammatical or APA errors.

The strongest possible objection to your thesis. After the final paragraph of your Week Three Case Analysis Assignment, start a new paragraph that introduces the strongest possible objection to your thesis. The considerations for this are detailed in Section 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Z??iga y Postigo, 2015). Make sure to employ the appropriate language to introduce the objection, such as ?some may object to my thesis as follows? or ?according to [so and so] the thesis presented here fails to account for X? [whatever he or she finds problematic]. You can find other language to do this, of course, but the key point here is to make sure that you indicate that someone else is speaking when presenting this objection.

It is also important to remember that you do research to discover good objections and not merely objections that are weak and thus easily rebutted. Look for peer-reviewed journal articles in the Ashford University Library, full-text articles in Google Scholar, or articles in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Present the opposing position fairly and in detail. This may take more than one paragraph.

A rebuttal. This is a refutation of the objection that you have just presented. Start this in a new paragraph following the objection paragraph(s). Once again, follow the indications of Section 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Z??iga y Postigo, 2015). You may point out an error in the objection. Or you may show that, while it is an important objection, it does not apply squarely to your argument, or does not account for facts that make it irrelevant. Above all, make sure to maintain philosophical decorum in your rebuttal. Toward this end, you should apply the principles of charity and of accuracy, first introduced in the Week One course material. See ?Confronting Disagreement? in Section 9.4 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Z??iga y Postigo, 2015).

Closing remarks. End your argumentative essay with a paragraph of closing remarks. Provide some reflections of what you have attempted to achieve by means of your essay. You could, for example, explain how your essay sheds light on the broader controversy that it addresses. Or you could point out how your essay addresses a frequently ignored point or the unpopular side in the controversy. You could also reflect on the related matters in the broader controversy that would be useful to examine by others. Do not merely summarize what you have done in the body of your essay, and do not add new information here that would support or contradict your essay since the body of your essay should have addressed all the relevant points. See ?Closing Your Essay? in Section 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Z??iga y Postigo (2015).

Requirements for your Assignment:

  • Your assignment should be between 1500 to 1700 words in length, excluding the cover and references pages.
  • Your examination should be both thorough and succinct. This is a combination that demands time and thought, so give yourself sufficient time to draft and revise.
  • Your assignment should include citations, as well as a list of references. Both must be in APA form.
  • Your references should include at least four peer-reviewed articles in addition to those that you will be carrying over from our Week Three Case Analysis Assignment. These references should be drawn from the Ashford University Library, Google Scholar, or the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • Your assignment should be submitted no later than the end of Monday (midnight, U.S. Mountain time).

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Gender Discrimination and the Theory of Utilitarianism


Kimberli Harkless


PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics


Prof. Stephen Krogh


May 9, 2016









Gender Discrimination and the Theory of Utilitarianism




Gender discrimination is the practices based on male and female where the rights of men,


women, boys and girls are denied. These rights are like the sexual rights or even unequal


payments at work. Gender discrimination issues have been affecting females most of the time.


There has been a controversy of gender discrimination of men being said to have been


discriminated against. There are the existing stereotypes that have promoted the gender


discrimination issues towards men and women. Economically, gender discrimination has been


affecting the decision making processes making the society patriarchal. Decision making has


been sidelining how activities are carried out especially at work places. Only men have been


taking the lead in leadership denying the women who would have greater ideas to contribute in


the development process. This on the other hand has led to the unequal distribution of resources


leading to poor economic outcome. Economy has been derailed due to the early marriages to


young girls who have been denied schooling. Away from the women empowerment, men have


been left out in the process of empowerment due to the stereotype that men are generally the


heads of the society. Some laws that protects gender discrimination are like the like the sex


discrimination act, the Equity Act 2010 and the federal laws[ CITATION Har14 \l 1033 ].


A thesis


There has been the continuation of gender discrimination despite the existence of the


laws where it has led to more de-motivation in place of work, in the society and in the world at


large where it has affected how people interact with one another in the economic and social











Ethical theory


Gender discrimination can best be explained through the utilitarianism theory. It has


been proven that discrimination goes far beyond the minority groups and touches other groups


like the males who are not termed weak in the society. The theory of utilitarianism focuses on the


outcome of gender discrimination where it uses the greatness happiness principal in determining


the moral of the same[ CITATION Har \l 1033 ].


In most cases, discrimination has been identified in the work place where it has been


taking place at every stage of employment; be it during hiring, screening, during promotions,


during division of labor and the compensation schemes.


Utilitarianism theory looks at discrimination as to require a manager in the premises


where it is practiced. Discrimination management will assist in controlling disruptions that come


about. This enables the performance maintenance when there is the introduction of compensation


through discrimination. Discrimination has led to loss of many developmental opportunities, loss


of skilled labor and has also led to poor health especially when nurturing small kids within the


existing stereotypes. The theory of utilitarianism has also handled economic and societal impacts


in the society. This has been achieved when there is discrimination in the society and those who


are discriminated against end up producing less for not being given opportunities to maximize


their skills.


In the long run, the ethical theory of utilitarianism has chipped in and assisted in the


reduction of cases of discrimination in the society where both men and women have been denied


chances to have some freedom and some denied rights.


Two premises









There has been the violation of rights through discrimination. Such has led to the unequal


distribution of resources especially in the sharing of lands where boys have always been having a


share to inherit from their parents while girls are left out and do not get any share of inheritance


from their parent?s properties.


Gender discrimination has mostly been favoring men more that the women. In work


place, men have been considered to make the decisions and also to hold the highest positions in


the offices which have been a major form of discrimination[ CITATION Wil14 \l 1033 ].


Comparative analysis


The theory of utilitarianism has had its support on the fact that happiness is the best thing


as compared to sadness. Since this theory does not entertain egoism, it has been used to bring


equality in the society where men, women, boys and girls will always have equal chances in life.


It has been used to stop the bad cultural practices that have been practiced towards young girls.


Early marriages and female genital mutilation has been practiced to harm the women but


benefiting the men in the society. In the society, every one counts and hence it is in order to give


everyone a chance to his or her rights.


At workplace, there has been discrimination against the wages where women have been


receiving a lesser pay than their male counterparts even in attaining equal qualification in the


same position. This has led to women becoming less motivated to peruse higher education since


they feel that it will all be in vain for reason that even when they attain much, they will continue


receiving a lesser pay. More so, this income disparity has been stereotyped that since the males


are the sole provider in a house hold, women hence should earn less or else they will be seen to


change these stereotyped roles. Women have thus been placed in low status jobs which pays less









income and men has been left to man the well-paying and decent jobs[ CITATION Gen14 \l 1033.


The existing laws have tried to eliminate the sexual harassments that have been in the


workplace which have affected the performance of the employees. These laws have worked to


punish those who practice these bad habits and put in place tough fines and jail terms.


The laws too have tried to regulate the policies at the work place where the women will


be given the maternity leave and get an allowance within the same period. In additional, the law


still works to give males paternity leave when their wives deliver and also get compensated


within the time they will be on leave.


The virtue ethics seeks to look at the internal motivation to be the outstanding


consequences of gender discrimination. It doesn?t look at neither the rules nor the consequences


of the instances of gender discrimination. This has left the theory of utilitarianism to stand out as


compared to the theory of virtue ethics since it seeks to look at handling the discriminating issues


and at least offer some solutions to the same.

















Curt, L. P. (October 4, 2014). Gender/sex harrasment inclusing gender violence.


Hardy, J. F. (n.d.). Strengthening the Argumentative essay. The Argumentative essay .


Hardy, J. F. (2014). With Good Reason. A Guide to Critical Thinking .


William, C. (2014). Gender Discrinimation in the Workplace and in Institutions. News and


Events .




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